Dallime mes rishikimeve të "Filmi dokumentar"

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'''Filmi dokumentar''' constitute a broad category of [[nonfiction]]al [[motion picture]]s intended to [[Wikt:document#Verb|document]] some aspect of reality, primarily for the purposes of instruction or maintaining a historical record.<ref>[http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/56332 oed.com]</ref> A 'documentary film' was originally shot on [[film stock]] — the only medium available — but now includes [[video]] and [[new media|digital]] productions that can be either [[direct-to-video]], made as a [[television program]] or released for screening in cinemas. "Documentary" has been described as a "filmmaking practice, a cinematic tradition, and mode of audience reception" that is continually evolving and is without clear boundaries.<ref>Nichols, Bill. 'Foreword', in Barry Keith Grant and Jeannette Sloniowski (eds.) ''Documenting The Documentary: Close Readings of Documentary Film and Video''. Detroit: [[Wayne State University Press]], 1997</ref>
 
== DefiningPerkufizimi i 'documentarydokumentarit' ==
In popular myth, the word 'documentary' was coined by Scottish documentarian [[John Grierson]] in his review of [[Robert Flaherty]]'s film ''[[Moana (film)|Moana]]'' (1926), published in the ''[[New York Sun (historical)|New York Sun]]'' on 8 February 1926, written by "The Moviegoer" (a pen name for Grierson).<ref name=RFL>Ann Curthoys, Marilyn Lake [http://books.google.com/books?id=JE6YM8jcRucC&pg=PA151&dq=john+grierson+documentary+1926&hl=en&ei=5wkUTcb5OMq7hAeixPW2Dg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDoQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=john%20grierson%20documentary%201926&f=false Connected worlds: history in transnational perspective, Volume 2004] p.151. Australian National University Press</ref>
 
There are clear connections in terms of practice with magazine and newspaper feature-writing and indeed to non-fiction literature. Many of the generic forms of documentary, for example the biopic or profile; or the observational piece. These generic forms are explored on the University of Winchester Journalism Department 'features web' where 'long form journalism' is classified by genre or content, rather than in terms of production as film, radio or 'print'.<ref>[http://journalism.winchester.ac.uk/?page=299 University of Winchester Journalism Department – Feature Writing and Documentary Making]</ref>
 
==HistoryHistori==
===PrePara-1900===
 
Early film (pre-1900) was dominated by the novelty of showing an event. They were single-shot moments captured on film: a train entering a station, a boat docking, or factory workers leaving work. These short films were called "actuality" films; the term "documentary" was not coined until 1926. Many of the first films, such as those made by [[Auguste and Louis Lumière]], were a minute or less in length, due to technological limitations.
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