Ndryshimi mes inspektimeve të "Tulipani"

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'''Tulipani''' është një [[lule]] në [[gjininë]] '''''Tulipa''''', që përfshin rreth 150 lloje të familjes [[Liliaceae]].<ref>[http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=133974 Tulipa in Flora of North America @ efloras.org<!-- Roboti gjeneroi titull për referencën -->]</ref> Zona ku rriten tulipanët përfshin pjesën jugore të [[Evropa|Evropës]], veriut të [[Afrika|Afrikës]], dhe në [[Azi|Azi,]] nga [[Anatolia]] dhe [[Irani]] e deri në verilindje të [[Kinë|Kinës]]. Qendra e bioshumëllojshmërisë së llojit, gjendet në [[Malet Pamir|Pamir]] dhe në malet [[Hindu Kush]] e stepat e [[Kazakistan|Kazakistanit]]. Lloje të ndryshëm kultivarësh hibridë, rriten nga njeriu në kopshte e vazo. Pjesa më e madhe e kultivarëve vijnë nga ''[[Tulipa gesneriana]]''. Në Shqipëri rriten dy lloje tulipanësh, nga të cilët, ''[[Tulipa albanica]]'' është lloj endemik që rritet në një zonë prej më pak se 101 hakm<sup>2</sup> në qarkun e Kukësit.
 
== Përshkrimi ==
[[Skeda:Floriade Devmeet 25.jpg|thumb|right|CultivatedTulipan Tulipi atkultivuar Floriadenë Floridë]]
TheLloji speciesështë arebimë [[perennialshumëvjeçare plant|perennials]]e fromme [[bulb]]s,qepujka. theQepujkat tunicatejanë bulbsshpesh often producedmbuluara onnga theshtresa endsletrore ofe [[stolon]]sme andpush. coveredTulipanët withvariojnë hairlessnga tolloje variously hairyshkurtra papery coverings.ato The speciesgjata, includeduke shortu low-growingrritur plantskështu to tall upright plants, growing fromnga 10 to -70 centimeters (4–27&nbsp;[[inch|in]]) tallcm. Janë Theybimë can evendurojnë grow inftohtin thedhe cold and snowy winterdëborën. PlantsBima typicallyka havezakonisht 2 toderi në 6 leaves,gjethe withpor someka speciestulipanë having upkanë toderi në 12 leavesgjethe. The [[cauline]] foliage is strap-shaped, waxy-coated, usually light to medium green and alternately arranged. The blades are somewhat fleshy and linear to oblong in shape. The large [[flower]]s are produced on [[scape]]s or subscapose stems normally lacking [[bract]]s. The stems have no leaves to a few leaves, with large species having some leaves and smaller species have none. Typically species have one flower per stem but a few species have up to four flowers. The colourful and attractive cup shaped flowers typically have three [[petal]]s and three [[sepals]], which are most often termed [[tepal]]s because they are nearly identical. The six petaloid tepals are often marked near the bases with darker markings. The flowers have six basifixed, distinct [[stamen]]s with filaments shorter than the tepals and the [[stigma]]s are districtly 3-lobed. The ovaries are superior with three chambers. The 3 angled [[fruit]]s are leathery textured [[capsule (fruit)|capsules]], ellipsoid to subglobose in shape, containing numerous flat disc-shaped [[seed]]s in two rows per locule.<ref>Flora of North America Editorial Committee. 2002. Flora of North America. north of Mexico Vol. 26, ''Magnoliophyta : Liliidae : Liliales and orchidales.'' New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515208-5 26 Page 199</ref>
 
== Origjina e emrit ==
 
== Kultivimi ==
[[Skeda:Tulipfarm.jpg|thumb|right|TulipFestivali Festivali intulipanëve në Woodburn, Oregon. 2007]]
[[Skeda:wild tulip in the steppe of Kazakhstan.jpg|thumb|right|WildTulipan tulipi inegër the steppesstepat ofe Kazakistanit Kazakhstan]]
 
Tulips originate from [[mountainous]] areas with [[temperate climate]]s and need a period of cool dormancy. They do best in climates with long cool springs and early summers, but they are often grown as spring blooming annual plantings in warmer areas of the world. The bulbs are typically planted in late summer and fall, normally from 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in.) deep, depending of the type planted, in well draining soils. In parts of the world that do not have long cool springs and early summers, the bulbs are often planted up to 12 inches deep; this provides some protection from the heat of summer and tends to force the plants to regenerate one large bulb each year instead of many smaller non blooming ones. This can extend the usefulness of the plants in warmer areas a few years but not stave off the degradation in bulb size and eventual death of the plants.
''[[The Black Tulip]]'' is the title of a historical romance by [[Alexandre Dumas, père]] ([[1850]]), in which the city of [[Haarlem]] has a reward for the first grower who can produce a truly black tulip.
 
=== Futja ne EuropenEvropën perendimireperëndimore ===
{{see|Tulip mania}}
[[Skeda:Field of tulips - floriade canberra.jpg|thumb|right|Field of red tulips, Floriade, Canberra]]
Between 1634 and 1637, the early enthusiasm for the new flowers triggered a [[speculation|speculative]] frenzy now known as the [[tulip mania]] and tulip bulbs were then considered a form of currency. The Netherlands are still associated with tulips and the term 'Dutch tulips' is often used for the cultivated forms. [[Tulip Festival]]s are held in the Netherlands, [[Spalding, Lincolnshire|Spalding]] (England) and in North America every May, including the [[Skagit Valley Festival]] ([[Washington]]), the Tulip Festival in May in Orange City and Pella, Iowa, and the three week annual [[Canadian Tulip Festival]] in [[Ottawa]], [[Canada]]. Tulips are now also popular in [[Australia]] and several festivals are held during September and October in the [[Southern Hemisphere]]'s [[spring (season)|spring]]. The world's largest permanent display of tulips, although open to the public only seasonally, is in [[Keukenhof]] in the [[Netherlands]].
 
== llojeLloje të zgjedhura ==
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* [[Species Tulips]]
 
== ReferimeBurime ==
{{Reflist}}
* Blunt, Wilfrid. ''Tulipomania''
* [[Michael Pollan|Pollan, Michael]]. ''[[The Botany of Desire]]''
 
== Lidhje te jashtme ==
{{commons|Tulip}}
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20110613232905/http://www.karisgarden.com/chapters/tulipaner.htm Old Tulips]