Flav Arriani i njohur edhe si Arriani i Nikomedisë ose shkurt Arriani (Ἀρριανός Arrianos; Latin: Lucius Flavius Arrianus; [1] rr. 86/89 – rr. after 146/160 AD ) [2] ishte një historian grek, nëpunës publik, komandant ushtarak dhe filozof i periudhës romake . [3]

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Anabaza e Aleksandrit nga Arriani konsiderohet si burimi më i mirë për fushatat e Aleksandrit të Madh. Sidoqoftë, kohët e fundit, edhe pse studiuesit modernë në përgjithësi kanë preferuar Arrianin në burimet e tjera parësore ekzistuese, ky qëndrim ndaj Arrianit ka filluar të ndryshojë në dritën e studimeve në metodën e Arrianit. [4] [5] Në veprat e Arrianit gjenden të dhëna të rendësishme edhe për ilirët.

VepratRedakto

  • Homiliai Epiktetou
  • Anabaza e Aleksandrit (Ἀλεξάνδρου Ἀνάβασις)
  • Parthica
  • Bithyniaca
  • Nicomediensis Scripta minora
  • Indica (Ἰνδική)
  • Techne Taktike (Τέχνη τακτική)
  • Kynēgetikos
  • Ektaxis kata Alanon
  • Periplusi i Detit të Zi (Περίπλους τοῦ Εὐξείνου Πόντου)

Shih edheRedakto

LiteraturaRedakto

  • Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander, translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt, Penguin Classics, 1958 and numerous subsequent editions.
  • Phillips, A. A., and M. M. Willcock (eds.). Xenophon and Arrian On Hunting with Hounds. Cynegeticus. Oxford: Aris & Phillips, 1999.  ISBN 0-85668-706-5.
  • P. A. Stadter, Arrian of Nicomedia, Chapel Hill, 1980.
  • R. Syme, 'The Career of Arrian', Harvard Studies in Classical Philology vol.86 (1982), pp. 171–211.
  • E. L. Wheeler, Flavius Arrianus: a political and military biography, Duke University, 1977.nn
  • Cartledge, Paul; Romm, James S.; Strassler, Robert B.; Pamela Mensch (2010). The Landmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander (në anglisht). New York: Pantheon. ISBN 978-0-375-42346-8.
  • Yardley, J. & Heckel, W. (2004) The History of Alexander, Penguin, London, pp. 5 & 269.
  • Brodersen, K. (2017) Arrianos / Asklepiodotos: Die Kunst der Taktik. Greek and German, De Gruyter, Berlin.

ReferimeRedakto

  1. ^ Stadter's suggestion that his official name was Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon (Stadter, Philip (1967). "Flavius Arrianus: The New Xenophon". Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies (në anglisht). Marrë më 14 prill 2016.
  2. ^ FW Walbank (nëntor 1984). F. W. Walbank (red.). The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press, 6 Sep 1984. ISBN 0-521-23445-X. Marrë më 2015-04-01. {{cite book}}: Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  3. ^ "Arrian" (në anglisht). www.britannica.com. Marrë më 2010-01-07. Arrian (born c. ad 86, Nicomedia, Bithynia [now İzmit, Tur.] died c. 160, Athens? [Greece]) Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. Wolfgang Haase; Hildegard Temporini (1990). Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung, Volume 2;Volume 34. Walter de Gruyter. fq. 228. ISBN 3-11-010376-1. Arrian was of Greek stock, from the provincial aristocracy of Bithynia. His full name, L. Flavius Arrianus, demonstrates that he was a Roman citizen and suggests that the citizenship went back several generations, probably to the triumphal period. Arrian’s home city was the Bithynian capital, Nicomedia, where he held the priesthood of Demeter and Kore, its patron deities. {{cite book}}: Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!) Arrian; Sélincourt, Aubrey De (1971). The campaigns of Alexander. Penguin Classics. fq. 13. ISBN 0-14-044253-7. Flavius Arrianus Xenophon, to give him his full name, was a Greek, born at Nicomedia, the capital of the Roman province of Bithynia, probably a few years before A.D. 90. {{cite book}}: Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!) Grant, Michael (1992). Readings in the classical historians. Scribner's. fq. 544. ISBN 0-684-19245-4. ARRIAN: GREEK HISTORIAN Arrian was an approximate contemporary of Appian, born about AD 95. Like him a Greek, he came from Nicomedia (İzmit) in Bithynia (north-western Asia-Minor) where his family was prominent. {{cite book}}: Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  4. ^ Heckel, Waldemar (2004). The History of Alexander. Penguin. fq. 5 & 269. {{cite book}}: Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  5. ^ Bosworth, A.B. (1976). "Errors in Arrian". Classical Quarterly (në anglisht). 26: 117–139. doi:10.1017/s0009838800033905.