Gjykata Ndërkombëtare Penale për ish Jugosllavinë

Gjykata Ndërkombëtare Penale për ish Jugosllavinë (International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia) [1] i njohur edhe me emrin Tribunali Ndërkombëtar për Krimet e Luftës në Jugosllavi ishte një organ i Kombeve të Bashkuara i themeluar për të ndjekur penalisht krime të rënda të kryera gjatë Luftërave Jugosllave dhe për të gjykuar autorët e tyre. Tribunali ishte një gjykatë ad hoc me seli në Hagë, Holandë .

Logo e Tribunalit

Gjykata u krijua me Rezolutën 827 të Këshillit të Sigurimit të Kombeve të Bashkuara, e cila u miratua më 25 maj 1993. Ajo kishte juridiksion mbi katër grupe krimesh të kryera në territorin e ish-Jugosllavisë që nga viti 1991: shkelje të rënda të Konventave të Gjenevës, shkelje të ligjeve ose zakoneve të luftës, gjenocid dhe krime kundër njerëzimit. Dënimi maksimal që mund të shqiptojë ishte burgimi i përjetshëm. Vende të ndryshme nënshkruan marrëveshje me Kombet e Bashkuara për ekzekutimin e dënimeve me burgim.

Gjithsej 161 persona u paditën; aktakuzat përfundimtare u lëshuan në dhjetor 2004, e fundit nga të cilat u konfirmuan dhe u vulosën në pranverën e vitit 2005. [2] I arratisuri përfundimtar, Goran Hadžić, u arrestua më 20 korrik 2011. [3] Aktgjykimi përfundimtar u lëshua më 29 nëntor 2017 [4] dhe institucioni zyrtarisht pushoi së ekzistuari më 31 dhjetor 2017. [5]

Funksionet e mbetura të Gjykatës, duke përfshirë mbikëqyrjen e dënimeve dhe shqyrtimin e çdo procedure ankese të filluar që nga 1 korriku 2013, janë nën juridiksionin e një organi pasues, Mekanizmi Ndërkombëtar i Mbetjeve për Tribunalet Penale (IRMCT). [6] [7]

Shih edheRedakto

LiteraturaRedakto

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ReferimetRedakto

  1. ^ Officially International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991
  2. ^ "History of the office of the prosecutor". Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  3. ^ Serbia's last war crimes fugitive arrested, Al Jazeera.net, 20 July 2011.
  4. ^ "The ICTY renders its final judgement in the Prlić et al. appeal case". International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. 29 nëntor 2017. Marrë më 29 nëntor 2017. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  5. ^ "ICTY President Agius delivers final address to United Nations General Assembly". International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Marrë më 29 nëntor 2017. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  6. ^ "UNSC Resolution 1966" (PDF). Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  7. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (3 maj 1993). "Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Paragraph 2 of Security Council Resolution 808 (1993) [Contains text of the Statute of the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991]". Refworld. Marrë më 2018-03-17. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  8. ^ McAllister, Jacqueline R. (janar 2020). "Deterring Wartime Atrocities: Hard Lessons from the Yugoslav Tribunal". International Security. 44 (3): 84–128. doi:10.1162/isec_a_00370. S2CID 209892079. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)