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Laplace

Pierre-Simon, marquis de Laplace (23. prill 1749. - 5. mars 1827) ishte matematikan dhe astronom francez veprat e tij ishin bazë për zhvillimin e astronomisë matematikore. Të gjitha veprat e paraardhësve të tij i studjoi dhe i zgjëroi në librin e tij prej pesë vëllpmesh Mécanique Céleste (Mekanika qiellore) (1799-1825). Këtu mekanikën klasike e shqyrtoi duke shfrytëzuar edhe njehsimin diferencial.

ReferimetRedakto

BibliografiaRedakto

Nga LaplaceRedakto

Përkthimet anglishtRedakto

  • Bowditch, N. (trans.) (1829-1839) Mécanique céleste, 4 vols, Boston
  • — [1829-1839] (1966-1969) Celestial Mechanics, 5 vols, including the original French
  • Pound, J. (trans.) (1809) The System of the World, 2 vols, London: Richard Phillips
  • _ The system of the world (v. 1)
  • _ The system of the World (v.2)
  • — [1809] (2007) The System of the World, vol.1, Kessinger, ISBN 1-4326-5367-9
  • Toplis, J. (trans.) (1814) A treatise upon analytical mechanics Nottingham: H. Barnett
  • Truscott, F. W. & Emory, F. L. (trans.) (2007) [1902]. A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities. ISBN 1-60206-328-1. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)Mirëmbajtje CS1: emra të shumëfishtë: lista e autorëve (link), translated from the French 6th ed. (1840)

Për Laplace dhe punën e tijRedakto

  • Andoyer, H. (1922). L'œuvre scientifique de Laplace. Paris: Payot. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!) (Frengjisht)
  • Bigourdan, G. (1931). "La jeunesse de P.-S. Laplace". La Science moderne (në French). 9: 377–384.Mirëmbajtje CS1: gjuhë e panjohur (link)
  • Crosland, M. (1967). The Society of Arcueil: A View of French Science at the Time of Napoleon I. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-435-54201-X. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Dale, A. I. (1982). "Bayes or Laplace? an examination of the origin and early application of Bayes' theorem". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences. 27: 23–47. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • David, F. N. (1965) "Some notes on Laplace", in Neyman, J. & LeCam, L. M. (eds) Bernoulli, Bayes and Laplace, Berlin, pp30-44
  • Deakin, M. A. B. (1981). "The development of the Laplace transform". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences. 25: 343–390. doi:10.1007/BF01395660. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • — (1982). "The development of the Laplace transform". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences. 26: 351–381. doi:10.1007/BF00418754. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Dhombres, J. (1989). "La théorie de la capillarité selon Laplace: mathématisation superficielle ou étendue". Revue d'Histoire des sciences et de leurs applications (në French). 62: 43–70.Mirëmbajtje CS1: gjuhë e panjohur (link)
  • Duveen, D. & Hahn, R. (1957). "Laplace's succession to Bezout's post of Examinateur des élèves de l'artillerie". Isis. 48: 416–427. doi:10.1086/348608. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)Mirëmbajtje CS1: emra të shumëfishtë: lista e autorëve (link)
  • Finn, B. S. (1964). "Laplace and the speed of sound". Isis. 55: 7–19. doi:10.1086/349791. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Fourier, J. B. J. (1827). "Éloge historique de M. le Marquis de Laplace". Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences. 10: lxxxi–cii. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!), delivered 15 June 1829, published in 1831. (in French)
  • Gillispie, C. C. (1972). "Probability and politics: Laplace, Condorcet, and Turgot". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 116(1): 1–20. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • — (1997) Pierre Simon Laplace 1749-1827: A Life in Exact Science, Princeton: Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-01185-0
  • Grattan-Guiness, I., 2005, "'Exposition du système du monde' and 'Traité de méchanique céleste'" in his Landmark Writings in Western Mathematics. Elsevier: 242-57.
  • Hahn, R. (1955). "Laplace's religious views". Archives internationales d'histoire des sciences. 8: 38–40. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • — (1982). Calendar of the Correspondence of Pierre Simon Laplace (bot. Berkeley Papers in the History of Science, vol.8)). Berkeley, CA: University of California. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • — (1994). New Calendar of the Correspondence of Pierre Simon Laplace (bot. Berkeley Papers in the History of Science, vol.16)). Berkeley, CA: University of California. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • — (2005) Pierre Simon Laplace 1749-1827: A Determined Scientist, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-01892-3
  • Israel, Werner (1987), "Dark stars: the evolution of an idea", më Hawking, Stephen W.; Israel, Werner (red.), 300 Years of Gravitation, Cambridge University Press, ff. 199–276 Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Rouse Ball, W. W. [1908] (2003) "Pierre Simon Laplace (1749 - 1827)", in A Short Account of the History of Mathematics, 4th ed., Dover, ISBN 0-486-20630-0
  • Stigler, S. M. (1975). "Napoleonic statistics: the work of Laplace". Biometrika. 62: 503–517. doi:10.2307/2335393. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • — (1978). "Laplace's early work: chronology and citations". Isis. 69(2): 234–254. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Whitrow, G. J. (2001) "Laplace, Pierre-Simon, marquis de", Encyclopaedia Britannica, Deluxe CDROM edition
  • Whittaker, E. T. (1949a). "Laplace". Mathematical Gazette. 33: 1–12. doi:10.2307/3608408. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • — (1949b). "Laplace". American Mathematical Monthly. 56(6): 369–372. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Wilson, C. (1985). "The Great Inequality of Jupiter and Saturn: from Kepler to Laplace". Archive for the History of the Exact Sciences. 33(1-3): 15–290. doi:10.1007/BF00328048. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Young, T. (1821). Elementary Illustrations of the Celestial Mechanics of Laplace: Part the First, Comprehending the First Book. London: John Murray. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!) (available from Google Books)

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