Ndryshimi mes inspektimeve të "Shiu acidik"

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== Historia ==
Efektet gërryese të ajrit të ndotur acidik të qyeteve të mëdha mbi bloqet e gurëve apo mermereve u vunë re që në shekullin XVII nga [[John Evelyn]], i cili mbajti shënim kushtet e mjerueshme të koleksionit me statuja antike të Thomas Howard.<ref>E. S. de Beer, ed. ''[[The Diary of John Evelyn]]'', III, 1955 (19 September 1667) p. 495.</ref>
Që prej [[Revolucioni industrial|revolucionit industrial]], çlirimi i dioksidit të squfurit dhe oksidit të azotit në atmosferë është rritur.<ref name="NASA Glossary">{{Citation |title=Glossary |at=acid rain |publisher=[[NASA Earth Observatory]] |publication-place=United States |url=http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Glossary/?mode=all |accessdate=2013-02-15 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20111213175357/http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Glossary/?mode=all |archivedate=13 dhjetor 2011 |deadurl=no |url-status=live }}</ref><ref>Weathers, K. C. and G. E. Likens. 2006. Acid rain. pp. 1549–1561. In: W. N. Rom (ed.). Environmental and Occupational Medicine. Lippincott-Raven Publ., Philadelphia. Fourth Edition.</ref> Në vitin 1852, [[Robert Angus Smith]] ishte i pari që shpjegoi lidhjen ndërmjet shiut acid dhe ndotjes atmosferike në [[Manchester|Mançester]], [[Angli]].<ref name="Seinfeld 1998">Seinfeld, John H.; Pandis, Spyros N (1998). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics&nbsp;— From Air Pollution to Climate Change. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. ISBN 978-0-471-17816-3</ref>
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Though acidic rain was discovered in 1853, it was not until the late 1960s that scientists began widely observing and studying the phenomenon.<ref>{{cite journal|author=Likens, G. E., Bormann, F. H. and Johnson, N. M. |year=1972|title= Acid rain|journal= Environment |volume=14|issue=2|pages=33–40|doi=10.1080/00139157.1972.9933001}}</ref> The term "acid rain" was coined in 1872 by Robert Angus Smith.<ref>[http://www.epa.gov/NE/eco/acidrain/history.html Acid Rain in New England, A Brief History]. Epa.gov. Retrieved on 2013-02-09.</ref> Canadian Harold Harvey was among the first to research a "dead" lake. Public awareness of acid rain in the U.S increased in the 1970s after [[The New York Times]] published reports from the [[Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest]] in [[New Hampshire]] of the myriad deleterious environmental effects shown to result from it.<ref>{{cite journal|author=Likens, G. E. and Bormann, F. H. |doi=10.1126/science.184.4142.1176|title=Acid Rain: A Serious Regional Environmental Problem|year=1974|journal=Science|volume=184|issue=4142|pages=1176–9|pmid=17756304}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal|doi=10.1029/2005JG000157|title=Soil CO2 dynamics and fluxes as affected by tree harvest in an experimental sand ecosystem|year=2006|last1=Keller|first1=C. K.|last2=White|first2=T. M.|last3=O'Brien|first3=R.|last4=Smith|first4=J. L.|journal=Journal of Geophysical Research|volume=111}}</ref>
The problem of acid rain has not only increased with population and industrial growth, but has become more widespread. The use of tall smokestacks to reduce local [[pollution]] has contributed to the spread of acid rain by releasing gases into regional atmospheric circulation.<ref name="Likens, G. E. 1979">{{cite journal|author=Likens, G. E., Wright, R. F.; Galloway, J. N. and Butler, T. J. |year=1979|title= Acid rain|journal= Scientific American|volume= 241|issue=4|pages=43–51|doi=10.1038/scientificamerican1079-43}}</ref><ref>{{cite journal|author=Likens, G. E. |year=1984|title= Acid rain: the smokestack is the "smoking gun." |journal=Garden |volume=8|issue=4|pages=12–18}}</ref> Often deposition occurs a considerable distance downwind of the emissions, with mountainous regions tending to receive the greatest deposition (simply because of their higher rainfall). An example of this effect is the low pH of rain which falls in [[Scandinavia]].
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== Reaksionet kimike ==
[[Skeda:Pollution - Damaged by acid rain.jpg|Efekti i shiut acid në statuja|thumb|right]]